Different Type of Hackers - Who are Ethical Hackers?
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Different Type of Hackers - Who are Ethical Hackers?

By M.Muzammil | February 03, 2023

Different Type of Hackers - Who are Ethical Hackers?

There are several different types of hackers, which can be broadly classified based on their motivations and the methods they use to carry out their attacks. Here are some common types of hackers:

White hat hackers: These are ethical hackers who use their skills to identify vulnerabilities in systems and help organizations secure their networks and data.

Black hat hackers: These are criminal hackers who use their skills for malicious purposes, such as stealing sensitive information or causing damage to systems.

Grey hat hackers: These are hackers who may use their skills for both good and bad purposes. They may identify vulnerabilities in systems and inform the organization, but they may also exploit those vulnerabilities without the organization's permission.

Script kiddies: These are individuals who use pre-existing tools and scripts to carry out hacking attacks, without a deep understanding of how they work.

State-sponsored hackers: These are hackers who are sponsored by a government to carry out cyber espionage or attacks on other countries.

Hacktivists: These are hackers who use their skills to promote a social or political cause.

It's important to note that these categories are not mutually exclusive, and many hackers may fall into more than one category. It's also worth noting that the term "hacker" has been used to describe a wide range of activities, from malicious attacks to creative problem-solving, and the connotations of the term can vary significantly.

Who are Ethical hackers?

Ethical hackers, also known as white hat hackers, are individuals who use their knowledge of computer systems and networks to identify vulnerabilities and weaknesses in systems and help organizations secure their data and networks.

Ethical hackers use the same techniques and tools as malicious hackers, but they do so with the permission of the system owner and with the goal of improving security.

Ethical hackers may be hired by organizations to conduct penetration testing, in which they attempt to identify and exploit vulnerabilities in order to assess the organization's security posture.

They may also be involved in incident response efforts, helping to identify the cause of a security breach and implementing measures to prevent similar incidents from occurring in the future.

Ethical hacking is an important part of maintaining the security of computer systems and networks, and it can help organizations protect their assets and prevent data breaches.

It is a growing field, and many individuals choose to become ethical hackers as a career.

Why is hacking illegal?

Hacking is generally considered illegal because it involves accessing someone else's computer or network without their permission, which is a violation of the owner's privacy and security.

In most countries, hacking is punishable by law, and the specific penalties for hacking can vary depending on the specifics of the crime and the jurisdiction in which it was committed.

There are a few exceptions to this general rule. For example, ethical hacking, also known as white hat hacking, is not illegal because it is done with the permission of the system owner and with the goal of improving security.

Similarly, some jurisdictions may have specific laws that allow law enforcement agencies to hack into suspects' computers or networks as part of an investigation. However, these exceptions are typically limited and must be carried out within the bounds of the law.

It's worth noting that the term "hacking" can refer to a wide range of activities, from malicious attacks to creative problem-solving, and the legal status of these activities can vary significantly.

World's most Wanted Hackers:

There have been many individuals who have gained notoriety as hackers over the years. Some of the most well-known hackers include:

Kevin Mitnick: Mitnick is a famous hacker who was once one of the FBI's Most Wanted Fugitives. He was eventually arrested and served time in prison for his crimes. Today, he works as a security consultant and author.

Julian Assange: Assange is the founder of WikiLeaks, a website that publishes classified and leaked documents. He has been accused of hacking and other crimes related to the publication of sensitive information.

Gary McKinnon: McKinnon is a British hacker who was accused of breaking into the computer systems of the U.S. military and NASA. He was eventually spared extradition to the U.S., but his case received significant media attention.

Anonymous: Anonymous is a loosely-organized group of hackers that has been involved in a number of high-profile attacks and campaigns, often in the name of social or political causes.

Albert Gonzalez: Gonzalez was a hacker who was convicted of stealing millions of credit card numbers from major retailers. He was eventually sentenced to 20 years in prison.

It's important to note that this is not an exhaustive list, and there have been many other individuals who have gained notoriety as hackers. It's also worth noting that the term "hacker" has been used to describe a wide range of activities, from malicious attacks to creative problem-solving, and the connotations of the term can vary significantly.

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M.Muzammil
M.Muzammil

I am Muzammil, a Self-taught Web Designer & Developer. I haven't yet completed my college degree. Started learning programming at the age of 12 and still learning. I love to work in Javascript and make eye-catchy designs. Free for your calls :)

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